Friday, December 16, 2011

牛津詞典 (Oxford Dictionaries) 最近的新詞:之三

我是線上《牛津詞典》專業版 (Oxford Dictionaries Pro) 的訂戶,最近注意到網站發布了最新一季的新詞。這一季的新詞共有 45 個,我分批介紹,並加註了自己的翻譯和眉批,附上詞典所提供的例句一條和詞源 (若有),以饗格友。

前兩批 (之一、之二) 介紹了按字母順序的頭 10 個,這次介紹第三批再次的 5 個。請注意,這裡的《牛津詞典》不是史上最大的《牛津英語詞典》(The Oxford English Dictionary),而是以《英語牛津詞典》(Oxford Dictionary of English) 為骨幹,兼納《新牛津美國詞典》(New Oxford American Dictionary) 數位化而成。名字過份類似,的確令人混淆。

11. crowdfunding /ˈkraʊdfʌndɪŋ/ 小額募款 noun

定義:the practice of funding a project or venture by raising many small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the Internet

例句:Musicians, filmmakers, and artists have successfully raised funds and fostered awareness through crowdfunding.

衍生詞crowdfunded adjective 小額募款的

12. dark tourism 黑色旅遊 noun [mass noun]
定義:tourism that involves travelling to places associated with death and suffering
例句:He's planning a project on dark tourism, documenting the increasing popularity of morbid landmarks around the world.

衍生詞dark tourist noun 黑色旅遊者

13. distracted driving 分心駕駛 noun

定義:the practice of driving a motor vehicle while engaged in another activity, typically one that involves the use of a cellular phone or other electronic device

例句:AAA now says that distracted driving accounts for 25 to 50 percent of all accidents.

衍生詞distracted driver noun 分心駕駛(者)

14. distraction burglary 藉口行竊 noun British
定義:an instance of gaining access to a property under false pretences, with the intention of committing theft

例句:Two thieves pretending to be from the Water Board have carried out a string of distraction burglaries in the area.

衍生詞distraction burglar noun 藉口行竊者

15. duology /dju:ˈɒlədʒi/ 二部曲 noun (plural duologies)

定義:a pair of related novels, plays, or films

例句:Duologies are a rare occurrence in horror as well as film in general.

詞源:mid 19th century: from DUO- 'two', on the pattern of TRILOGY

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