Tuesday, December 13, 2011

牛津詞典 (Oxford Dictionaries) 最近的新詞:之一

我是線上《牛津詞典專業版》(Oxford Dictionaries Pro) 的訂戶,最近注意到網站發布了最新一季的新詞。這一季的新詞共有 45 個,我分批介紹,並加註了自己的翻譯和眉批,附上詞典所提供的例句一條和詞源 (若有),以饗格友。

1. affogato /afə'gɑːtəʊ/ 阿法奇朵 [冰淇淋上面加上義式濃縮咖啡] noun (plural affogatos) 定義:an Italian dessert consisting of vanilla ice cream topped with a shot of espresso coffee. 例句:The affogato was to die for, with the bitter espresso perfectly complementing the sweet ice cream. [Origin: Italian, literally 'drowned', past participle of affogare 'to drown']

2. barbecue stopper 熱門話題 [按:話題非常熱門,熱門到不得不暫時放下手邊的烤肉] noun Australian informal 定義:a topic of conversation that is very interesting or controversial. 例句:Sibling rivalry is the new barbecue stopper—at least in my circles.

3. bibimbap /'biːbɪmbap/ 韓式拌飯 noun [mass noun] 定義:a Korean dish consisting of rice topped with sautéed vegetables, chilli paste, and beef or other meat, sometimes with the addition of a raw or fried egg. 例句:Also recommended were the tofu soup, the kimchi soup and a Korean speciality called bibimbap, a mixture of rice and seasoned meat, vegetables and egg. [Origin: Korean, literally 'mixed rice']

4. biochar /'bʌɪəʊtʃɑː/ 生物碳 noun [mass noun] 定義:charcoal produced from plant matter and stored in the soil as a means of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. 例句:Three activities - no-till agriculture, biochar and more intensified livestock farming with reduced methane emissions - are likely to benefit from increased funding. [Origin: 1990s: blend of biomass and charcoal]

5. bloggy /'blɒgi/ 部落格式的;博客式的 adjective (bloggier, bloggiest) informal 定義:characteristic of a blog or blogs. 例句:A lot of the journalism is quite bloggy, with opinions rather than facts.

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